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Directory of Standards relating to Optics:

ASTM
ANSI
MIL
AIA

ASTM
American Society for Testing and Materials(ASTM)

Specifications Related to Optics and Optical Instruments. Available from:

American Society for Testing and Materials
100 Barr Harbor Drive
West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 USA
Tel: (610) 832-9585
Fax: (610) 832-9555
Email: service@astm.org

Standards may be ordered by telephone with credit card (need standard number or title).

ASTM Committee C14 Glass and Glass Products
Subcommittee C14.01 on Nomenclature and Definitions ASTM Committee C14 Glass and Glass Products
Subcommittee C14.01 on Nomenclature and Definitions

C 162-90 Standard Terminology on Glass and Glass Products
369
Subcommittee C14.04 on Physical and Mechanical Properties

Subcommittee C14.04 on Physical and Mechanical Properties

C 158-84 Standard Test Methods for Strength of Glass by Flexure (Determination of Modulus of Rupture)
C 336-71(86) Standard Test Method for Annealing Point and Strain Point by Fiber Elongation
C 338-73(88) Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Glass
C 623-71(89) Standard Test Method for Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Glass and Glass Ceramics by Resonance
C 730-85(89) Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Glass
C 770-77(89) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Glass Stress Optical Coefficient

ASTM Committee D1 Paint and Related Coatings and Materials
Subcommittee D01.46 on Industrial Protective Coating

D 4541-85(89) Standard Test Method for PullOff Strength of Coatings Using Portable Adhesion Testers
Subcommittee D14.50 on Special Adhesives
D 285-86 Standard Specification for Liquid Optical Adhesive

ASTM Committee E12 on Appearance of Materials

Background Information: This 34 member subcommittee writes, publishes and promulgates optical standards. Current standards include BRDF and TIS measurement, surface profile calculations (power spectrum), polarizer contrast, wavefront distortion, and interferometric data analysis. The parent committee, ASTM E12 on Appearance has additional subcommittees on Spectrophotometry and Colorimetry, Color Order Systems, Retroreflection, and others. Individual or corporate membership in ASTM and this committee will facilitate publishing and promulgation of a standard pertinent to your measurement service or instrumentation products.
E 1331-90 Standard Test Method for Reflectance Factor and Color by Spectrophotometry Using Hemispherical Geometry
E 1348-90 Standard Test Method for Transmittance and Color by Spectrophotometry UsingHemispherical Geometry
E 1349-90 Standard Test Method for Reflectance Factor and Color by Spectrophotometry Using Bidirectional Geometry
E 1392-90 Standard Practice for Angle Resolved Optical Scatter Measurements on Specular or Diffuse Surfaces
F 379-76(1987) Standard Test Method for Measuring Slope Efficiency and Lasing Threshold of Ruby Laser Rods
F 529-80(1987) Standard Test Method for Interpretation of Interferograms of Nominally Plane Wavefronts
F 530-81(1987) Standard Test Method for Wavefront Distortion of Laser Rods
F 531-81(1987) Standard Test Methods for Wavefront Distortion and Face Parallelism of Laser Disks
F 532-81(1987) Standard Test Methods for Measuring the Width of Defects in Optical Surfaces Using Nomarsky Differential Microscopy
F 578-78(1987) Standard Test Method for Lasing Threshold and Slope Efficiency of Neodymium doped Laser Rods
F 579-80(1987) Standard Test Method for Face Flatness by Optical Noncontact Technique
F 611-79(1987) Standard Test Method for Wavefront Distortion of Nominally Plane Optical Elements Due to Refractive Index Inhomogeneity
F 663-80(1987) Standard Practice for Manual Analysis of Interferometric Data by Least Squares Fitting to a Plane Reference Surface
F 664-80(1987) Standard Practice for Manual Analysis of Interferometric Data by Least Squares Fitting to a Spherical Reference Surface and for Computer Aided Analysis of Interferometric Data by Least Squares Fitting to Both Plane and Spherical Reference Surfaces
F 741-81(1987) Standard Method for Determining the Crystallographic Axes and Contract Ratio of a Pockels Cell Electro Optic Crystal Operating in the Longitudinal Mode
F 742-81(1987) Standard Practice for Evaluating an Interferometer
F 743-81(1987) Standard Test Method for Measuring Contrast Ratio of a Pair of Linear Polarizers for Visible Radiation
F 768-82(1987) Standard Test Method for Specular Reflectance and Transmittance Measurements of Optically Flat Coated and Non coated Specimens
F1048-87(1992) Standard Test Method for Measuring the Effective Surface Roughness of Optical Components by Total Integrated Scattering

ASTM Committee F1 on Electronics
Subcommittee F01.02 on Lasers

F 768-82(87) Standard Test Method for Specular Reflectance and Transmittance Measurements of Optically Flat Coated and Non coated Specimens

Subcommittee F01.03 on Metallic Materials

F 218-68(89) Standard Test Method for Analyzing Stress in Glass

Subcommittee F01.04 on Semiconductor Physical Properties

F 775-88 Standard Test Method for Wafer and Slice Flatness by Interferometric, Noncontact Technique

Subcommittee F01.08 on Microelectronic Imaging

F 614-80(91) Standard Test Method for Distortion of Optical Lenses Used in Photomask Fabrication
F 728-81(87) Standard Practice for Preparing an Optical Microscope for Dimensional Measurements
F 805-83 Standard Test Method for Photoplate Surface Flatness by Interferometric Noncontact Technique

ASTM Committee F7 on Aerospace and Aircraft
Subcommittee F07.08 on Transparent Enclosure and Materials

F 733-90 Standard Practice for Optical Distortion and Deviation of Transparent Parts Using the Double Exposure Method
F 801-83(89) Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Angular Deviation of Transparent Parts
F 1128-88 Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Transparent Plastics and Coatings Using Salt Impingement Method
F 1165-88 Standard Test Method for Measuring Angular Displacement of Multiple Images in Transparent Parts
F 1181-88 Standard Test Method for Measuring Binocular Disparity in Transparent Parts
F 1252-89 Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Reflectivity of Transparent Materials

ANSI

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

OSA publishes the user's guide to the ISO 10110 standard. The cost is $50.00 list and $39.00 for OSA members. The published standard itself is available from ANSI. Each part of ISO 10110 can be purchased individually. 

Part 1 General - ISO 10110-1:1996  

Part 2 Material imperfections - Stress birefringence - ISO 10110-2:1996  

Part 3 Material imperfections - Bubbles and inclusions - ISO 10110-3:1996 

Part 4 Material imperfections - Inhomogeneity and striae - ISO 10110-4:1997

Part 5 Surface form tolerances - ISO 10110-5:1996  

Part 6 Centring tolerances - ISO 10110-6:1996

Part 7 Surface imperfection tolerances - ISO 10110-7:1996

Part 8 Surface texture - ISO 10110-8:1997

Part 9 Surface treatment and coating - ISO 10110-9:1996

Part 10 Table representing data of a lens element- ISO 10110-10:1996

Part 11 Non-toleranced data - ISO 10110-11:1996

Part 12 Aspheric surfaces - ISO 10110-12:1997

Glossary for ISO 10110 User's Guide

ANSI/ASTM B 117 Standard Method of Salt Spray (Fog) Testing
ANSI/ASTM B 287 Acetic Acid Salt Spray (Fog) Testing
ANSI/ASTM B 384 Microhardness of Materials
ANSI/ASTM B 499 Magnetic Thickness Measurement for Ductility of Electrodeposits
ANSI/ASTM B 504 Thickness Measurement of Metals Coulometric Method
ANSI/ASTM B 530 Thickness Measurement Magnetic Nickel Mag/Nonmag Substrates
ANSI/ASTM B 537 Rating of Electroplated Panels Subjected to Atmospheric Exposure
ANSI/ASTM B 567 Thickness Measurement by the Beta Backscatter Method
ANSI/ASTM B 568 Coating Thickness by X Ray Spectrometry
ANSI/ASTM B 571 Adhesion of Metallic Coatings
ANSI/ASTM B 578 Microhardness of Electroplated Coatings
ANSI/ASTM B 636 Internal Stress Measurement with the Spiral Contractometer
ANSI/ASTM B 659 Measuring Thickness of Electrodeposited and Related Coatings
ANSI PH3.17 1972 (R1987) Specification for Photographic Optical Filter Sizes
ANSI PH3.22 1979 (R1986) Method for Determining the Distribution of Illuminance Over the Field of a Photographic Objective
ANSI PH3.29 1979 (R1989) Methods for Designating and Measuring Apertures and Related Quantities Pertaining to Photographic Objectives and Projection Lenses
ANSI PH3.35 1977 (R1989) Methods for Designating and Measuring Focal Lengths and Focal Distances of Photographic Lenses
ANSI PH3.57 1978 (R1989) Guide to Optical Transfer Function Measurement and Reporting
ANSI PH3.63 1974(R1991) Method for Determining the Photographic Resolving Power of Photographic Lenses
ANSI PH3.601 1981 (R1986) Focal Length Marking of Lenses
ANSI PH3.602 1988 Focussing and Distance Scale Markings of Camera Lenses
ANSI PH3.604 Test Methods for the Selective Transmission of Photographic Lenses
ANSI PH3.609 1980 (R1987) Dimensions for Resolution Test Target for Photographic Optics
ANSI PH3.613 1989 Methods for Testing Image Distortion of Photographic Lenses
ANSI PH3.614 1983 (R1989) Methods for Testing Spectral Transmittance of Photographic Lenses
ANSI PH3.615 1988 Method for Testing Veiling Glare of Still Picture Camera Objectives
ANSI PH3.616 1990 Performance Specifications and Method for Testing Antireflection Coatings for Photographic Lenses
ANSI PH3.617 1980 (R1991) Definitions, Methods of Testing, and Specifications for Appearance Imperfections of Optical Elements and Assemblies
ANSI PH22.90 1964 (R1987) Method for Determining Aperture Calibrations of Motion Picture Lenses
ANSI Y14.5M 1982 (R1988) Dimensioning and Tolerancing
ANSI/ASME Y14.18M 1986 Optical Parts (Engrg. Drawings and related documentation practices)

Published by:

ASME International
Three Park Avenue, NY, NY 10016-5990
http://www.asme.org/
Telephone: (800) 843-2763
Fax: (973) 882-1717
Email: infocentral@asme.org

Available for purchase from:

American National Standards Institute
25 West 43rd Street, 4th floor
New York, NY
10036 USA
Telephone: (212) 642-4900
Fax: (212) 398-0023
webstore.ansi.org or http://www.info@ansi.org/

MIL
U.S. Military and Federal Specifications Related to Optics and Optical Instruments (MIL)
Available from:
STINET (Scientific and Technical Information Network)
Attn: DTIC, Suite 0944
8725 John J. Kingman Road, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6218
stinet.dtic.mil
Telephone: (703) 767-8221
Fax: (703) 767-8228
mailto:stinet@dtic.mil


MIL-HDBK-141 Optical Design
MIL-STD-34 General Requirements for the Preparation of Drawings for Optical Elements and Optical Systems
DOD-STD-35-120 Automated Engineering Document Preparation (Optical)
MIL-STD-105 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attributes
MIL-STD-109 Quality Assurance Terms and Definitions
MIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage
MIL-STD-150 Photographic Lenses
MIL-STD-810 Environmental Test Methods and Engineering Guidelines
MIL-STD-1241 Optical Terms and Definitions
MIL-STD-1278 Filters, Light, Photographic
MIL-STD-0-13830A Improvement of Manufacturing Techniques and Quality of Optical Scratch Standards for Fire Control Systems
MIL-A-3920 Thermosetting Optical Adhesive
MIL-A 48611 Adhesive System, Epoxy, Elastomeric, Glass to Metal
MIL-B-48612 Bonding with Epoxy, Elastomeric, Adhesive System, Glass to Metal
MIL-C-675 Films, Reflection Reducing, for Glass Optical Elements
MIL-C-14806 Reflection Reducing Coating for Instrument Cover Glasses and Lighting Wedges
MIL-C-26074D Coatings, Electroless Nickel
MIL-C-45662A Calibration System Requirements
MIL-C-48497 Durability Requirements for Single or Multilayer Interference Coatings
MIL-E-12397 Eraser, Rubber Pumice for Testing Coated Optical Elements
MIL-F-9329B Filters, Light, Photographic
MIL-F-12717 Filters, Ray, Glass
MIL-F-21241 Filters, Color, Finished
MIL-F-21424 Filters, Polarizing (for Optical Instruments)
MIL-F-48616 General Specifications for Infrared Interference Filter Coatings
MIL-F-48616/100 Coating, Low Reflectance, OrdinaryRequirements
MIL-F-48616/101 Coating, Low Reflectance on Germanium 8.0 to 11.5 Micrometers, High Durability, Special Requirements for
MIL-F-48616/102 Coating, Ultra Low Reflectance on Germanium 7.5 to 12.3 Micrometers, Special Requirements for
MIL-F-48616/200 Coating, High Reflectance, First Surface, Ordinary Requirements for
MIL-F-48616/301 Filter, Wide Bandpass, 7.7 to 11.7 Micrometers, Special Requirements for
MIL-F-48616/500 Coating, Long Wavelength Pass Filter, Ordinary Requirements for
MIL-F-48616/600 Coating, Short Wavelength Pass Filter, Ordinary Requirements for
MIL-G-174 Glass, Optical
MIL-G-1366 Aerial Photography Window Glass
MIL-G-16592 Glass Plate (For Optical Instruments)
MIL-G-47033A Glass, Borosilicate
MIL-G-47034A Glass, Filter, Colored
MIL-G-81704 Glass, Aircraft Instrument
MIL-I-45208 Inspection Requirements: General Specification for
MIL-L-19427 Lenses, Anamorphic Projection
MIL-M-13508 Mirrors, Front Surfaced, Aluminum for Optical Elements
MIL-O-16898B Optical Elements: Packaging of
MIL-P-13988 Paper, Lens, Tissue, Antitarnish; Wrapping
MIL-P-16898 Preservation and Packaging of Lenses, Prisms, and Mirrors Associated With Navigational and Projection Equipment
MIL-Q-47057A Quartz, Fused, Optical Grade
MIL-W-1366F Optical Sensor Window
CCC-C-271 Cheesecloth, Bleached and Unbleached
CCC-C-440 Cloth, Cotton, Cheesecloth
DD-G-451D Glass, Plate, Sheet, Figured and Corregated, for Glazing, Mirrors and Other Uses (Not Precision)
JJJ-C-561 Cotton; Sterile and Non sterile
O-E-760 Ethyl, Alcohol
UU-P-268 Paper, Kraft, Wrapping
UU-P-313 Paper, Lens Tissue
UU-T-101 Tape, Gummed, Mending and Reinforced Paper and Cloth
UU-T-106 Tape, Pressure Sensitive, Adhesive, Masking, Paper

AIA
Automated Imaging Association(A15 Standards Committee)

900 Victors Way, Suite 140
PO Box 3724
Ann Arbor, MI 48106
Telephone: (734) 994-6088
Fax: ( 734) 994-3338
Email: info@machinevisiononline.org
http://www.automated-imaging.org/

ANSI/AVA A15.05/1 - 1989 American National Standard for Automated Vision Systems - Performance Test - Measurement of Relative Position of Target Features in Two- Dimensional Space Approved December 1, 1988. 24 Pages. US$ 18.00.

This standard defines a standard measurement test that will serve as a reference in the specification and evaluation of machine vision systems. The test is designed to aid manufacturers and users in understanding and communicating expected and actual performance of vision systems.

BSR/A15.08/1 - 199X Standard Camera Data Sheet has progressed beyond the initial draft stage thanks to SC Member Bob Gazerro, who has taken over the Working group on Electro/Optical Characteristics. At its last meeting, A15.08 reviewed a complete outline for E/O characteristics.

The WG on timing was assigned to a representative from Cohu. This WG coupled with the E/O WG represents the bulk of the work on the Standard Camera Data Sheet. Another WG on Format has been assigned to representatives from E.G.&G. With these WGs now in the hands of active representatives, A15.08 plans to have a first draft of the entire Data Sheet Standard by the First Quarter 1996.

AIA Al 5.08/2-1993 Proposed American National Standard for Automated Vision Components - Cameras - Standard AIA Connector Specifications (rev. of ANSI/AIA Al5.08/2-1992) AIA Approval Date 1993-09-10. ANSI Approval Pending 19 Pages. US$ 22.00.

The purpose of this standard is to specify connectors suitable for machine vision, scientific, medical and general purpose image data acquisition in industrial, laboratory or office environments. The primary function of these connectors is to transfer all power and analog and digital signals between the camera and an image processor.

AIA A15.08/3-1993 Proposed American National Standard for Automated Vision Components - Cameras - AIA Monochrome Digital Interface Specification (rev. of ANSI/AIA Al5.08/3-1992) AIA Approval Date 1993-09-10. ANSI Approval Pending 12 Pages. US$ 15.00.

This standard specifies digital communication between a video camera device and an image processor. Video camera devices include matrix array cameras, variable scan cameras and linear array cameras. The primary function of this interface is to transfer a digital image from the camera device to the image processing system.

BSR/AIA Al5.08/4-199X Proposed American National Standard for Automated Vision Components - Cameras - RGB Digital Interface Specification Revision 2 (Committee Review Draft). Approval Target Date 1995-04. 12 Pages. US$ 15.00
This standard specifies digital communication between an RGB color video camera device and an image processor. Video camera devices include matrix array cameras, variable scan cameras and linear array cameras. The primary function of this interface is to transfer a digital image from the camera device to the image processing system.

BSR/AIA Al5.08/7- 199X Proposed American National Standard for Automated Vision Components - Cameras - AIA Serial Communication Protocol Specification Revision 2 (Committee Review Draft). Approval Target Date 1995-01. 19 Pages. US$ 22.00

This standard specifies the protocol and command code to be used in serial communication between a video camera device and an image processor. The primary function of this protocol is to transfer control commands from the image processor to the video camera and for the acknowledgment of these commands by the camera. Secondarily, this standard provides for low-speed communication of camera data to the host processor.

There are two other standards projects under development: A15.O8/5- Analog Monochrome Interface and A15.08/6 - Analog RGB Color Interface. Working Drafts of these standards will be available in late 1995.

The A15.08 committee has been cooperating with the National Association of Photographic Manufacturers IT14 on Electronic Still Video. IT14 members have suggested that the AIA Specification be submitted for consideration as international standards. If the AIA standards are accepted as New Work Items, there is every expectation that the ATA specifications will be approved as ISO standards in 2-3 years

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